The medical use of the hemp plant was already practiced 5000 years ago. Meanwhile, 489 essential components in the hemp plant could be determined. In addition to terpenes, flavonoids and other plant substances, the phytocannabinoids enjoy a particularly high interest. So far, 70 phytocannabinoids have been detected in the hemp plant. The best known of these are the tetrahydrocannabinols (THCs), cannabidiols (CBDs), cannabinols (CBNs) and cannabigerols (CBGs).
The psychoactive or intoxicating component of cannabis is the tetrahydrocannabiol, which binds to the activity development at the CB1 or CB2 receptor (endocannabinoid sytem). The non-psychoactive ingredient cannabidiol binds to different receptor systems. CBD is therefore regarded as an effective, well-tolerated and above all safe component of the hemp plant and is particularly interesting for self-medication, as it can develop anti-inflammatory, anti-epileptic and anti-schizophrenic properties, without depressing side effects. The use of cannabidiol enjoys in the complementary area due to the positive experience reports of increasing popularity.
Due to the low THC content, CBD-rich hemp is allowed to be legally cultivated, with cannabidiol occurring in higher concentrations in the upper third of the plant and in the flowers. After harvest, the plant parts are also inserted for extracts in oil. Particularly high quality are the CBD extracts from Co2 extraction. Due to the heat-free extraction process, the complete phytochemical spectrum as well as all phytocannabinoids, with the exception of THC, are retained.